Palestine

   Region called the Holy Land situated between the Mediterranean (q.v.) and the Jordan River valley, including the Dead Sea and Sea of Galilee, and the Golan Heights in the north. Its southern extent was the Negev desert. Its major cities included Caesarea Maritima, Jerusalem (qq.v.), Skythopolis, Neapolis, and Gaza (q.v.). The impact of state-supported Christianity on the region was great. Palestine became a focus for pilgrimage after Constantine I's mother Helena (qq.v.) made her own journey there, where she allegedly discovered the True Cross (q.v.). Monasticism (q.v.) spread quickly; among its many famous monks were Euthymios the Great and Sabas (qq.v.). Palestine also produced the famous historians Eusebios of Caesarea, Sozomenos, and Prokopios of Caesarea (qq.v.). Chorikos of Gaza and Prokopios of Gaza (qq.v.) were among the notable rhetoricians from the school of rhetoric at Gaza. Up to the Muslim conquest, Palestine continued to be home to Jews, Orthodox Christians, Monophysites, and Samaritans (qq.v.). In 614 the Persians (q.v.) captured Jerusalem and carried offthe True Cross. Herakleios (q.v.) restored the True Cross to Jerusalem ca. 629, but Byzantine rule over the region proved to be ephemeral. Muslim (q.v.) domination ofthe region was completed by 638, the yearbishop Sophronios (q.v.) was forced to surrender Jerusalem to the Arabs (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PALESTINE — La Palestine, contrée aux limites mal définies et changeantes selon le cours de l’histoire, n’est que la partie méridionale de la région syro palestinienne – qui constitue, elle même, la corne occidentale du «Croissant fertile» –, voie de passage …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • PALESTINE — PALESTINE, one of the names of the territory of the southern Levant known as the Land of israel and much later as the Holy Land. The name Palestine was originally an adjective derived from Heb. פְּלֶׂשֶת, Peleshet (Isa 14:29, 31; see also Prst or …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Palestine — Palestine, AR U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 741 Housing Units (2000): 321 Land area (2000): 3.219548 sq. miles (8.338590 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.024487 sq. miles (0.063421 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.244035 sq. miles (8.402011 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine — ist die englische Schreibweise für Palästina und der Name mehrerer Orte in England: Palestine (Hampshire) in den USA: Palestine (Arkansas) Palestine (Illinois) Palestine (Ohio) Palestine (Texas) Palestine (West Virginia) Palestine ist weiterhin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palestine, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 741 Housing Units (2000): 321 Land area (2000): 3.219548 sq. miles (8.338590 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.024487 sq. miles (0.063421 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.244035 sq. miles (8.402011 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 1366 Housing Units (2000): 714 Land area (2000): 0.745525 sq. miles (1.930900 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.745525 sq. miles (1.930900 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 170 Housing Units (2000): 73 Land area (2000): 0.147453 sq. miles (0.381901 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.147453 sq. miles (0.381901 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 17598 Housing Units (2000): 7668 Land area (2000): 17.698861 sq. miles (45.839837 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.183332 sq. miles (0.474827 sq. km) Total area (2000): 17.882193 sq. miles (46.314664 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Palestine — from L. Palestina (name of a Roman province), from Gk. Palaistine (Herodotus), from Heb. Pelesheth Philistia, land of the Philistines. Revived as an official political territorial name 1920 with the British mandate. Under Turkish rule, Palestine… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Palestine [1] — Palestine, 1) Hauptort der Grafschaft Anderson im Staate Texas (Nordamerika); Seminar; 1200 Ew.; 2) Hauptort der Grafschaft Crawford im Staate Illinois …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Palestine [2] — Palestine, Schriftgattung, s. Schrift …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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